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The UN week on Protection of Civilians takes place 22-25 May 2023, and the Open debate will be aired live on UN TV. 

SIPRI estimates that annual arms exports total $112bn, based on 2019-2020 data, and notes that the figure is likely higher. See SIPRI databaseSIPRI database    

Data on crisis-level hunger (Integrated Food Security Phase Classification System Phase 3 or higher, IPC 3+) driven by conflict are taken from the Global Report on Food Crises 2023  

We calculate daily deaths attributable to IPC 3 level hunger driven by conflict using the IPC Technical Manual Version 3.1. Because figures are not disaggregated into IPC 3, 4 and 5, the estimate is conservative. For IPC 3, crude daily death rates are 0.5-0.99 per 10,000, and we subtract 0.22 from each end of the range to account for “normal deaths” based on World Bank data . Thus, the daily deaths attributable to IPC 3 acute food insecurity for the 117 million affected people in 19 countries where conflict is the main driver of hunger (according to the GRFC 2023) would be 3,276-9,009. 

Data on exports of major conventional arms are from “Trends in International Arms Transfers, 2022,” Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Factsheet. 

Data on illicit and off-book sales of small arms and light weapons are from the SIPRI report, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in Sub-Saharan Africa.  

Data on global military spending is from the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database 

Data on government spending on agriculture from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)  

The total UN appeal for 2022 was $51.7 billion; see UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Financial Track Service Database; see UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Financial Track Service Database, Global military spending of $2.2 trillion which is more than 42 times greater the UN appeal. 

UNHCR Global Trends report (published June 2022): "89.3 million individuals worldwide were forcibly displaced as a result of persecution, conflict, violence, human rights violations or events seriously disturbing public order." 

According to Global Disorder in 2022, published by the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED), acts targeting civilians in conflict situations led to over 47,700 civilian deaths in 2022.  

Original source: Oxfam International 

Image credit: Mykola Makhlai, Unsplash